The Justice of God

Allah (God) is the One Who is The Most Just, The Fairest of all. When God creates human being, God creates with the attribute of being the most just. Yet, how do we, as creation, comprehend the attribute of God being The Most Just? How do we understand about the justice of God? Let’s ponder the following situations…

My friend lost some money, being robbed on the street. The next day, he earned more than he lost because his sales were good. "God is the Most Just. God has replaced the money I lost yesterday," he thought.

A naughty boy slapped a girl at school. The following week, a bigger, naughtier boy slapped the boy who slapped the girl. "Truly, God is the Fairest!" screamed the girl's mother with victory.

A murderer, who didn’t have a chance to be punished as he was always on the run, finally got hit by a truck. People say, "You see, God has done justice to the murderer."

Is that what it means by God being The Most Just? Anyway, the expressions above are familiar for us to hear. However, such perception of God’s justice is confused with the law of karma and there’s no such thing as karma in Islam.

In order to understand God's attribute of being The Most Just properly, or to avoid misunderstanding about God's Justice, we have to go back to the creation of human being, i.e. the essence of human being, the purpose, and the ultimate goal.

Before we were born, our souls were created in the spirit world (soul world) where all of us had covenant with God to always worship God. We don't remember about it, yet the Qur'an has reminded us about it and that's one of the functions of the Qur'an, as a reminder. Then, God blew our souls into our mothers' wombs and after nine months we were born to the world.

God says in the Qur’an chapter 51 verse 56, "I have not created men and jinn so that they worship Me." So, the purpose of our existence on earth is to worship God, that is obeying all the rules of God in the Qur'an. If we obey, we earn reward. If we disobey, we earn sins. When we die, that is when our souls leave our physical body, our souls stay in the world called the grave world. Don't literally understand the grave world as the one in cemetery…not like that at all. The grave dimension is the world where the souls wait until the day of judgment come. It is in the grave world that the souls experience the torture or the joy. Again, don’t imagine that there will be beating or burning in fire there. Torture and joy in the grave world is the feelings that the souls have. The souls of the sinners in the grave dimension will always be restless, knowing that they will go to hell eventually. They wish to be able to go back to the world so that they can do things that God commands, but they can’t! Such a feeling is a great torture indeed. Meanwhile, the souls of good doers will always be happy, calm, and full of excitement welcoming the day of judgment, knowing that they will end up in heaven. And when end of the days come, when all the people on earth die, all the souls will be in the hereafter. We (the souls) will be scaled, according to our deeds on earth. If our good deeds exceed our bad deeds, we will enter heaven. If the bad deeds exceed the good deeds, we will enter hell. And that is the end of the journey of human being. 

So it’s clear that life on earth is basically a competition of collecting reward. Whoever collects the most reward, that is whoever obeys God’s rules most, he or she will win the competition meaning he or she will go to heaven.

Furthermore, as human being, what is the ultimate goal in life both on earth and in the hereafter? As discussed earlier, the ultimate goal of human being is to achieve true happiness both in the world and in the hereafter, i.e. there is no sadness, anxiety, or worries while living on earth and finally when we die, our souls will go to heaven.

Thus, the justice of Allah (God) can only be applied in one thing which refers to the goal of human being. God is The Most Just means that God gives ALL people THE SAME OPPORTUNITY to ‘win’ the competition (of collecting reward on earth) in which the final reward is heaven. Also, God is The Most Just means that God gives ALL people THE SAME OPPORTUNITY to achieve the ultimate goal of being truly happy in the world and in the hereafter. In conclusion, God is The Most Just means God gives ALL people THE SAME OPPORTUNITY to obtain heaven. God’s justice can’t be applied in other situation other than this. All people – the sick, the healthy, the poor, the rich, the young, the old, the genius, the famous, and the laymen — all have the same chance to obey God’s rules so that they achieve true happiness. It’s just a matter of whether they want to do it or not, whether they choose it or not.

God says in the Qur’an chapter 17 verse 19, “Those who do wish for the (things of) the hereafter, and strive therefore with all due striving and have faith, they are the ones whose striving is acceptable (to God).” Thus, whoever he is, let he be rich or poor, healthy or sick, genius or not, old or young…as long as the person does efforts to obtain happiness in the hereafter, God will ‘pay’ his effort. 

God also says in the Qur’an chapter 3 verse 132, “And obey God and the Apostle, that ye may obtain mercy.” God’s mercy doesn’t depend on the wealth, health, career, fame, education, and the position of human being. God’s mercy simply depends on our obedience toward God’s rules. And the willingness to be obedient to God and the Apostle (Prophet Muhammad, peace be upon him) truly requires clever soul whose vision go as far as the hereafter. And how to have clever soul? There's no other way than gaining Godly beliefs as many as possible. And how to gain those beliefs? Simply by doing life and spiritual contemplation….

 

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            Jeffrey Lang, The Purpose Of Life

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Twitter: Maharani Hasibuan