God says in the Quran chapter 2 verse 208:
“O you who have believed, enter into Islam completely [and perfectly] and do not follow the footsteps of Satan. Indeed, he is to you a clear enemy.”
God commands the believers to enter into Islam completely. What does it mean? How to enter into Islam completely?
Islam is the last, perfect, as well as favored religion of God, as stated in the Quran chapter 5 verse 3: “…This day I have perfected for you your religion and completed My favor upon you and have approved for you Islam as religion.”
Since Islam is the last and perfected religion of God, the rules in the Qur’an are perfect as well for human being, covering all aspects in daily life. Some of important rules in the Qur'an are:
- rules concerning the acts of devotion or worship towards God such as praying 5 times a day, fasting, and performing pilgrimage to Mecca.
- Rule concerning our relationship with Prophet Muhammad. God has chosen Prophet Muhammad as a role model for all human being and God commands us to follow the moral values of Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him). We must not follow the physical attributes of him as such thing is not universally applicable.
- Rules for human being when dealing with other fellow human being. I, as human being, need to obey God’s rules in how I interact with my parents, my children, my relatives, neighbors, friends, foes, muslims and non-muslims, government, the needy, orphans. In general, I have to be kind, honest, generous, and helpful, yet firm when it comes to the tenet of Islam.
- Rules for human being towards themselves. God does not allow us to destroy ourselves (physically and spiritually) and God forbids us for committing suicide.
- Rules in dealing with animals, plants, and environment, food, drink…
- …and many more.
Here are some commands of God in the Qur'an that human being need to obey:
Rules regarding interactions among human being, human being with nature/earth; and fundamental rule, the tenet of Islam, that we must not worship other than Allah (God):
“Worship Allah and associate nothing with Him, and to parents do good, and to relatives, orphans, the needy, the near neighbor, the neighbor farther away, the companion at your side, the traveler, and those whom your right hands possess. Indeed, Allah does not like those who are self-deluding and boastful.” (Ch.4:36)
“And your Lord has decreed that you not worship except Him, and to parents, good treatment. Whether one or both of them reach old age [while] with you, say not to them [so much as], "uff," and do not repel them but speak to them a noble word.” (Ch.17:23)O you who have believed, fear Allah and speak words of appropriate justice.” (Ch.33:70)
“O you who have believed, let not a people ridicule [another] people; perhaps they may be better than them; nor let women ridicule [other] women; perhaps they may be better than them. And do not insult one another and do not call each other by [offensive] nicknames. Wretched is the name of disobedience after [one's] faith. And whoever does not repent – then it is those who are the wrongdoers.” (Ch.49:11)
“…So pardon them and ask forgiveness for them and consult them in the matter. And when you have decided, then rely upon Allah . Indeed, Allah loves those who rely [upon Him].” (ch.3:159)
“… and let them pardon and overlook. Would you not like that Allah should forgive you? And Allah is Forgiving and Merciful.” (Ch.24:22)
“And do not deprive people of their due and do not commit abuse on earth, spreading corruption.” (Ch. 26:183)
“O you who have believed, do not consume one another's wealth unjustly but only [in lawful] business by mutual consent. And do not kill yourselves [or one another]. Indeed, Allah is to you ever Merciful.” (Ch. 4:29)
“The believers are but brothers, so make settlement between your brothers. And fear Allah that you may receive mercy.” (Ch. 49:10)
Rules in inviting disbelievers to the way of God:
“Invite to the way of your Lord with wisdom and good instruction, and argue with them in a way that is best. Indeed, your Lord is most knowing of who has strayed from His way, and He is most knowing of who is [rightly] guided.” (Ch. 16:125)
“…And speak to him with gentle speech that perhaps he may be reminded or fear [ Allah ]." (Ch.20:43-44)
Rules about food, drink, gambling, throwing lot:
“Prohibited to you are dead animals, blood, the flesh of swine, and that which has been dedicated to other than Allah , and [those animals] killed by strangling or by a violent blow or by a head-long fall or by the goring of horns, and those from which a wild animal has eaten, except what you [are able to] slaughter [before its death], and those which are sacrificed on stone altars, and [prohibited is] that you seek decision through divining arrows. That is grave disobedience. This day those who disbelieve have despaired of [defeating] your religion; so fear them not, but fear Me. This day I have perfected for you your religion and completed My favor upon you and have approved for you Islam as religion. But whoever is forced by severe hunger with no inclination to sin – then indeed, Allah is Forgiving and Merciful. (Ch. 5:3)
“O you who have believed, indeed, intoxicants, gambling, [sacrificing on] stone alters [to other than Allah ], and divining arrows are but defilement from the work of Satan, so avoid it that you may be successful. (Ch.5:90)
So, entering into Islam completely means following all the rules that God has made for us. Islam is not only about ritual worships such as praying 5 times a day, fasting, giving alms, and performing pilgrimage to Mecca. When I do the ritual worships, I earn reward. But when I lie, backbite, hurt other people, kill each other, damage the environment, or if I am stingy, arrogant, wasteful, envy of others, reluctant to help others, and so forth, which are all against the rules of God, then I earn sins, just like when I don’t pray or fast. Ironically, still many muslims don’t realize it. They think that ruining green environment or littering is not something sinful and will not be accounted for.
Whatever we do, we have to make sure that no God’s rule is broken. In the end, in the hereafter, our good deeds will be scaled against our bad deeds. God says:
“And We place the scales of justice for the Day of Resurrection, so no soul will be treated unjustly at all. And if there is [even] the weight of a mustard seed, We will bring it forth. And sufficient are We as accountant.” (Qur’an chapter 21 verse 47)
“And those whose scales are heavy [with good deeds] – it is they who are the successful.” (Qur’an 23:102)
“But those whose scales are light – those are the ones who have lost their souls, [being] in Hell, abiding eternally.” (Qur’an 23:103)
If the weight of good deeds exceeds the bad ones, then we deserve eternal heaven. If the opposite happens, then eternal hell is for us.
Common perception is that if a person does a lot of ritual worships, people will consider him as a pious man and he will surely go to heaven. But that perception or belief is wrong and is not in agreement with the Qur’an. Focusing on doing a lot of ritual worships doesn’t guarantee a person to enter paradise. On the other hand, a person doing a lot of kindness yet ignoring his interaction with God, then paradise is also not guaranteed for him. It all comes down to the scale of good deeds verses bad deeds in the hereafter.
The Qur'an, which consists of 6,236 verses, is indeed the manual book for human being. And Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) is the manifestation and reflection in how to implement the Qur'an completely and perfectly in daily life.
God commands human being to enter into Islam completely, to obey ALL God’s rules completely just like our role model, Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him). If we do that, and surely we are able to do it, undoubtedly the world will be in peace…
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